Pruning

  • Why We Prune

    • Safety – removing branches that could fall or be causing an obstruction that could lead to injury or property damage
    • Health – removing dead, diseased, damaged, rubbing, or insect infested wood to encourage wound closure and plant vitality
    • Aesthetics – can enhance the natural form and
      character of a plant and stimulate flower production

    When to Prune

    • Flowering deciduous trees and shrubs should be pruned immediately after flowering
    • Non-flowering deciduous trees and shrubs ideally should be pruned during the dormant season
    • Evergreens may be pruned after new growth is completed (usually by late spring/early summer)
    • Broadleaf evergreens such as Rhododendron and Azaleas should be pruned immediately after flowering
    • Perennials can be cut back late in the season when flowers and foliage have died being careful not to remove any “green” parts of the plant

    Types of Pruners

    • Hand pruners (by-pass type recommended)
    • Loppers (by-pass type recommended)
    • Pruning Saws
    • Hedge trimmers are for hedges only (not recommended)
  • The diagrams below best describe how to prune.

    • A proper prune does not damage the branch bark collar or the branch bark ridge
    • Alive branches and dead branches are pruned alike
    • Prune shrubs from the inside out to maintain plant aesthetics and natural shape
    pruning-2 pruning-1